Linear park construction
Linear park construction involves the creation of a type of shared use path or recreational location that spans along a much greater distance wise than length. These paths are used to revitalize a city and make increase the connectivity,walkability and bikeability of the area.Linear park construction is the publicly-led construction of an asset. The design and implementation of a linear park in a urban area can be in the form of rails to trails or pieces of land that extend long ranges. They can vary on the type of available land, the amount of land (distance) and the current existing infrastructure as well.
- Goal: Increase bicycle ridership
- Goal: Increase the efficiency of bicycle traffic
- Goal: Decrease the rate of injuries and deaths from bicycle transportation
- Goal: Increase pedestrian travel
- Goal: Increase the efficiency of pedestrian traffic
- Goal: Decrease the rate of injuries and deaths from pedestrian transportation
- Goal: Increase the rates of pedestrian comfort, convenient and satisfaction
- Goal: Increase the amount of time spent on active recreation
A group identifies an underused roadway or path in an urban area that could be used to connect various locations throughout the city into a park and along for non-autonomous transportation. This area could also be used for recreational purposes and is commonly longer than it is wide. A combined effort of advocates, planners, engineers and officials work together to create a presentable concept, obtain right of way from property owners, design the plan and monitor the construction process.
Tradeoffs of implementing this policy may include:
- Perception of safety
- Decreased funding for other modes of transportation.
- Increased property values have the potential to remove current homeowners.
- Redirect of traffic in cases where roadways were transformed.
- Impact on current existing environment.
If answered yes, the following questions indicate superior conditions under which the policy is more likely to be appropriate:
- Will the linear park be the foundation of a network of parks and trails for the city?
- What modes of transportation are allowed in a linear park?
- Does the park provide accessibility to various locations within the city?
- Where does the land for the linear park come from?
- Does the park revitalize a rarely used/ abandoned railway or path?
- Will the park be easily accessible by all users?
The following questions should be considered when determining how to implement this policy:
- Who are the primary users of the linear park?
- Will the linear park be privately or publicly owned?
- Who is responsible for conducting the maintenance of the linear park?
- Minimum width required for bicyclists and pedestrians.
- Is the location handicap accessible?
- Will the park block what was formerly direct access to local retail or residential units?
- For area type(s): Urban.
- Notable entities who have implemented or adopted this policy include:
- Advocates - Bicycle Safety Assumption: Creates a safe path to travel on.
- Advocates - Bicycle Transportation Assumption: Creates greater bicycle use by providing a safe and connected system.
- Advocates - Pedestrian Safety Assumption: Creates a safe path to travel on.
- Advocates - Urbanism Assuption: Creates a walkable/bikeable and greener city.
- Constituent Groups - Pedestrians Assumption: Creates safe travel and recreational space.
- Constituent Groups - Tourists Assumption: Creates safe travel, recreation and sightseeing space.
- Constituent Groups - Local Businesses Assumption: Create a walkable/bikeable city.
- Advocates - Bicycle Safety. Assumption: Creates a concern for safety in secluded portions of park.
- Advocates - Pedestrian Safety. Assumption: Creates a concern for safety in secluded portions of park.
- Constituent Groups - Homeowners. Concerns regarding right-of-way and increased property values making them unable to afford neighborhood.
- http://www.governing.com/topics/energy-env/linear-parks-reshaping-urban-landscapes.html. October 2011. Governing the States and Localities. Article describing how linear parks are reshaping urban landscapes.
- https://www.theunderline.org/. 2015. The Underline. Website that proposes a 10-mile linear park to be constructed in Miami Florida below the existing metrorail.
- https://thenewtropic.com/5-stunning-linear-parks/. October 27, 2015. The New Tropic. This site explores five different "stunning linear parks".
- http://www.vbgov.com/government/departments/parks-recreation/design-development-projects/Documents/design-standards-manual.pdf. August 2011. City of Virginia Beach Design Standards Manual. This manual explores the standards for linear parks in the Virginia Beach Area.
- http://pathfriends.org/linear/. January 2010. Friends of the Community. Article discussing linear park in Cambridge and its connecting trails.
- http://www.mccno.com/convention-center-authority-approves-linear-park/. May 2015. New Orleans Convention Center. Article discussing the approval of a new linear park.
- http://moss-design.com/linear-parks/. June 4, 2015. Moss: Architecture: Design: Green. Website unvailing a new linear park in Chicago while also comparing other great linear parks.
- http://policyatlas.org/wiki/Common a reference.
- https://www.theunderline.org/ a reference
- Complete street designation
- Greenway construction
- Pedestrian bridge construction
- Pedestrian scramble designation
- Pedestrian-only area designation
- Protected bicycle intersection designation
- Protected bicycle lane designation