Introduction to PolicyGraphics
PolicyGraphics are used similarly to demographics to describe the scope of the policy's adoption--where, at what level of government, and how commonly the policy is adopted, for example. The purpose of these tags will be to allow future users to filter for policies that are most salient for their jurisdictions. In other words, a city or county government official can search only for policies appropriate at the Local level, an urban school superintendent could search only for those policies appropriate for Urban areas, and so on.
PolicyGraphics are linked to a policy by editing the text of the article and "tagging" them with the appropriate PolicyGraphic data. The technology that supports this tagging is called Semantic MediaWiki (SMW), an add-on or extension for MediaWiki, the software that runs Wikipedia.
In order to insert a PolicyGraphic, in SMW parlance, you must add both the "Property" and "Value" with which you are trying to tag the policy. Properties are the types of information you are trying to track, like what level of government is most appropriate for its implementation, which is entered using the "For Governance Level::" Property. Values are the features of that specific policy--whether the policy can be implemented at any or all of the "Local," "State or Provincial," "National," or "International" levels, for example. When you combine a Property such as "For Governance Level::" with a value such as "Local" and surround the two in double brackets, then you will have tagged that policy with the PolicyGraphic.
Examples of the text used to tag a policy with a PolicyGraphic Property and Value:
- For a policy that is designed to be implemented by a local government, or a state or provincial government, but not a national or international government:
[[For Governance Level::Local]], [[For Governance Level::State or Provincial]]-->includes property "For Governance Level:: and brackets for both appropriate values, omits mention of other values (National, International).
- For a policy that is appropriate for implementation in any kind of area, be it urban, suburban, or rural:
[[For Area Type::Urban]], [[For Area Type::Suburban]], [[For Area Type::Rural]]-->includes property "For Area Type::" and brackets for each appropriate value.
Below is a table of the Properties and Values that you should include on your policy pages.
Types of PolicyGraphics
|Has adoption of::||Defunct, Proposed; Limited; Common||Denotes how widespread policy has been adopted. "Defunct" is a policy that has become obsolete. "Proposed" policies have been put forward but are not known to have been implemented. "Limited" adoption denotes a rare number of jurisdictions using the policy, and "Common" adoption implies widespread policy use.||Select One|
|For Area Type::||Urban; Suburban; Rural||Denotes the type(s) of jurisdictions in which a policy is appropriate. Policies may be appropriate for only some types of jurisdiction, such as Urban and Suburban but not Rural, or may be appropriate for all types of jurisdictions, in which case they should be tagged with all three values.||Select As Many As Apply|
|For Governance Level::||Institution; Local; State or Provincial; National; International||Denotes the governance level(s) at which the policy is most appropriately implemented. Certain policies may be specific to a single institution ("Institution") such as an airport or port. Other policies may be appropriate for Citywide ("Local") or Statewide ("State or Provincial") adoption, whereas others might typically be only implemented by countries ("National") or international bodies ("International").||Select As Many As Apply|
|For Issue Type::||Democracy; Diversity; Efficiency; Equity; Finance; Infrastructure; Integrity; Resiliency; Safety; Security; Sustainability; Transparency||Denotes special types of policies that may cut across policy areas. Policies tagged with "Democracy" increase the popular representativeness of government decision-making and/or outcomes. "Diversity" policies are associated with achieving greater variation in group composition; "Efficiency" policies speak to achieving lower costs and higher rates of economic efficiency; "Equity" policies attempt to reduce the variation in opportunity or outcome among groups; "Finance" policies are those with the potential to fund government operations or projects through positive fiscal impacts; "Infrastructure" policies support capital improvements to government systems; "Integrity" policies are intended to address fraud, waste, abuse and other forms of corruption; "Resiliency" policies reduce the likelihood and duration of service or system downtime in the event of failures or disasters; "Safety" policies reduce the risk of accidental harm to individuals; "Security" policies increase protection against malign actors seeking to deprive individuals of health or property; "Sustainability" policies increase the long-term viability of systems, particularly that of the natural environment; and "Transparency" policies increase the amount of government information available to the public. As an example of how this property spans multiple policy areas, "Safety" and "Resiliency" policies may exist across Environmental, Transportation, and various other policy areas.||Select Any and All That Apply|
|For Education Type::||Early Childhood; Primary; Secondary; Post-Secondary; Adult||Used for Education policies only. Optional PolicyGraphic to denote which level(s) of education a policy may appropriately target.||Select Any and All That Apply|